In today’s modern world, there are various options
available for a couple to plan their family. OR,
“How to avoid an unwanted pregnancy?” a question
that should be answered before starting unprotected
is a wide choice of methods available, includes:
- Natural family planning methods.
- Barrier methods.
- Hormonal methods.
- Intrauterine devices.
- Permanent methods for females and for males.
- Emergency contraception.
Natural Family Planning Methods
Methods of planning and preventing pregnancies
by observation of the naturally occurring signs
and symptoms of the fertile and infertile phases
of the menstrual cycles, with the avoidance of
intercourse during the fertile phase, if pregnancy
is to be avoided.
- Rhythm Method.
- Basal Body Temperature method.
- Cervical mucus method.
- Symptothermal method.
- Lactational amenorrhoea method.
- Withdrawal method.
known as Calendar Method.
Based on Orgino-knaus theory that ovulation,
release of mature female egg takes place about
14 + 2 days before the next menstrual period.The
calendar method attempts to predict ovulation
using a woman’s menstrual history.
written record should be kept.
day on which bleeding starts, should be marked
should be done for at least 6 months.
count the days in each cycle.
course, you have no assurance that your cycle
variations will remain the same. So you must continue
to mark each Day 1 and list the length of your
last cycle. Note the length of shortest and longest
find out the unsafe period:
the days of your shortest cycle.
e.g. 27 days.
18 from the total number.
27 – 18 = 9
the day you are likely to be fertile and you
must start using contraception to avoid unwanted
take the longest cycle,
for e.g. 32
11 from that number
32 – 11 = 21
is the last day of your unsafe period.
in summary, a woman having a shortest cycle
of 27 days and a longest cycle of 32 days for
the last 6 – 8 cycles, the probable unsafe period
is between day 9 to day 21 of her cycle, throughout.
it is safe to have unprotected sex between 0
– 8 days and between day 22 – till menses (safe
all your cycles are shorter than 27 days, don’t
try to use calendar estimates at all.